What is a Majlis Rug

What is a Majlis rug

What is a Majlis Rug
Majlis Rug in wool

A “majlis rug” refers to a type of traditional floor covering that is commonly used in the Arab and Islamic culture, particularly in the Arabian Peninsula and surrounding regions. The term “majlis” refers to a gathering or a place where people come together for socializing and discussions.

Majlis rugs are typically large, rectangular carpets that are woven or knotted by skilled artisans. They often feature intricate patterns and designs, such as geometric motifs or floral patterns, which are influenced by Islamic art and architecture. The rugs are known for their vibrant colors, which are often rich hues of red, blue, green, and gold.

These rugs are an essential part of the traditional Arab and Islamic interior decor. They are commonly used to furnish the floor of a majlis, a room or space designated for hosting guests and social gatherings. Majlis rugs provide comfort and add an element of beauty to the space while also serving as a cultural symbol.

In addition to their functional use, majlis rugs also hold symbolic and cultural significance. They represent hospitality, warmth, and the importance of community. In Arab and Islamic cultures, offering a comfortable and welcoming space for guests is considered a fundamental value, and the presence of a majlis rug helps to create such an environment.


Majlis rug
Majlis rug

Majlis rugs are used for several reasons, primarily related to their cultural significance and practicality. Here are some reasons why majlis rugs are commonly used:

1. Cultural Significance: Majlis rugs have deep cultural significance in Arab and Islamic traditions. They are an integral part of the Arab hospitality culture, symbolizing warmth, generosity, and welcoming guests into one’s home. Using a majlis rug in a gathering space reflects the importance placed on socializing, communication, and community.

2. Comfort and Relaxation: Majlis rugs provide a comfortable and cozy seating area for people to relax, sit, and socialize. These rugs are often placed on the floor, allowing individuals to sit or recline on them. Their softness and cushioning create a relaxed atmosphere, encouraging conversations and creating a sense of warmth and togetherness.

3. Aesthetics and Decor: Majlis rugs are known for their beautiful designs, patterns, and vibrant colors. They add an element of beauty and elegance to a room, enhancing its overall aesthetic appeal. Majlis rugs often feature intricate geometric or floral motifs, reflecting the artistic traditions of the region and adding a touch of cultural heritage to the space.

4. Insulation and Protection: Majlis rugs serve a practical purpose by insulating the floor and providing a layer of protection. In regions with hot climates, the rugs can help to keep the floor cool by providing a barrier against the direct heat of the ground. Additionally, they protect the underlying flooring from wear and tear, extending its lifespan.

5. Versatility: Majlis rugs are versatile and can be used in various settings. They are commonly found in homes, but they are also used in public spaces, such as mosques, cultural centers, and traditional gathering places. They can be easily moved and rearranged, allowing flexibility in accommodating different group sizes and seating arrangements.

Overall, majlis rugs are used to create a welcoming and comfortable space for socializing, reflecting cultural values, and adding beauty to the environment. They serve as a cultural symbol while also fulfilling practical needs related to seating, insulation, and protection.


Handmade Majlis rug in wool hand tufted, hand knotted
Handmade Majlis rug in wool hand tufted, hand knotted
It’s worth mentioning that the choice of material can vary depending on regional preferences, the specific style of the rug, and the intended use of the majlis rug. Traditional artisans often employ time-honored techniques and materials that have been passed down through generations, ensuring the preservation of cultural heritage.

Majlis rugs can be crafted using a variety of materials, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits. The choice of material depends on personal preference, desired appearance, durability, and budget. Here are some commonly used materials for making majlis rugs:

1. Wool: Wool is a popular choice for majlis rugs due to its durability, resilience, and natural properties. Wool rugs are known for their softness, warmth, and excellent stain resistance. They can withstand heavy foot traffic and retain their appearance for a long time. Wool also has inherent moisture-wicking properties, which helps in maintaining a comfortable indoor environment.

2. Silk: Silk is a luxurious material often used in high-end majlis rugs. Silk fibers are known for their lustrous sheen, fine texture, and smoothness. Silk rugs are prized for their intricate designs, vibrant colors, and a delicate feel. However, silk rugs are more delicate and require more care compared to other materials.

3. Cotton: Cotton is another common material used for crafting majlis rugs. Cotton rugs are lightweight, affordable, and easy to clean. They offer a soft and comfortable texture underfoot. While cotton rugs may not have the same level of durability as wool or silk, they are still a popular choice for casual and everyday use.

4. Synthetic fibers: Synthetic materials like polypropylene, nylon, and polyester are often used to create affordable and practical majlis rugs. Synthetic fibers offer good stain resistance, easy maintenance, and can mimic the appearance of natural fibers. They are often used in high-traffic areas or in spaces where moisture or spills are a concern.

It’s important to note that the quality and craftsmanship of a rug, regardless of the material, can significantly impact its overall performance and longevity. Factors such as weaving technique, knot density, and pile height should also be considered when selecting a majlis rug.


Majlis rug for Majlis Area
Majlis rug for Majlis Area

When it comes to the designs of majlis rugs, there are various options to choose from, depending on personal taste, cultural influences, and the overall aesthetic you wish to achieve. Here are some popular designs for majlis rugs:

1. Geometric Patterns: Geometric patterns are commonly found in majlis rugs. These designs often feature intricate and symmetrical arrangements of geometric shapes such as diamonds, squares, triangles, and hexagons. Geometric patterns can create a visually striking and balanced look, adding a sense of order and structure to the space.

2. Floral Motifs: Majlis rugs often incorporate floral motifs inspired by nature. These designs can range from delicate and intricate floral patterns to bold and oversized floral arrangements. Floral motifs bring a touch of elegance, softness, and a connection to the natural world.

3. Medallions: Majlis rugs frequently feature medallion designs, which typically consist of a central focal point surrounded by intricate details and borders. Medallions can vary in shape, such as circular, oval, or diamond-shaped. They add a sense of grandeur and can serve as a focal point in the room.

4. Arabesque and Islamic Patterns: Majlis rugs often draw inspiration from Arabesque and Islamic art, incorporating intricate patterns and calligraphic elements. These designs may include interlacing geometric shapes, arabesque motifs, and verses from the Quran. Arabesque and Islamic patterns bring cultural and spiritual symbolism to the rug, reflecting the rich heritage and artistic traditions of the region.

5. Traditional Tribal Designs: In some regions, majlis rugs feature traditional tribal designs that reflect the specific cultural influences of nomadic or indigenous communities. These designs often incorporate symbolic elements, tribal motifs, and unique color combinations, showcasing the distinct heritage and craftsmanship of those communities.

It’s important to choose a design that resonates with your personal style and complements the overall decor of your space. Consider the color palette, the size of the rug, and how it will interact with other elements in the room to create a harmonious and visually appealing environment.


Determining the size of a majlis rug depends on various factors, including the dimensions of the room, the intended use of the rug, and the desired aesthetic. Here are some steps to help you determine the appropriate size for a majlis rug:

1. Measure the Room: Start by measuring the dimensions of the room where the majlis rug will be placed. Use a tape measure to measure the length and width of the space. This will give you an idea of the maximum size the rug can be to fit within the room.

2. Consider Furniture Placement: If you have furniture in the room, such as sofas, chairs, or a coffee table, consider how the rug will interact with them. The rug should be large enough to accommodate the furniture while leaving a border of rug visible around the edges. Ideally, the front legs of the furniture should rest on the rug to create a cohesive and visually pleasing arrangement.

3. Define the Area: Determine the specific area within the room where you want the majlis rug to be placed. It could be a central area for gathering and seating, or it could cover the entire floor space of the room. This will help you determine the shape and size of the rug needed.

4. Allow for Clearance: Leave some clearance space between the edges of the rug and the walls or other fixed elements in the room. A general rule of thumb is to have a clearance of about 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) between the rug and the walls. This will help create a balanced and visually appealing look.

5. Visual Balance: Consider the overall visual balance and proportion of the room. The size of the rug should be in harmony with the size of the room and the other elements present. A rug that is too small can make the space feel disjointed, while a rug that is too large can overwhelm the room. Find a balance that creates a sense of cohesion and complements the scale of the space.

6. Custom Options: If you have specific size requirements or cannot find a pre-made rug that fits your space perfectly, consider exploring custom rug options. Custom-made rugs can be tailored to your exact specifications, ensuring a perfect fit for your majlis area.

By considering these factors and taking accurate measurements, you can determine the appropriate size for your majlis rug, creating a visually appealing and functional space.


Ultimately, the decision to have a Majlis rug is subjective and dependent on personal preferences, cultural connections, and the desired ambiance of the space. It is not necessary for everyone, but for those seeking to embrace Arab culture, create an authentic atmosphere, or enjoy the comfort and aesthetics of a Majlis-style seating area, a Majlis rug can be a valuable addition.

While it is not necessary to have a Majlis rug, these reasons highlight the cultural, aesthetic, and functional benefits that make them a desirable choice for those looking to embrace Arab or Middle Eastern traditions, add a touch of elegance, and create a cozy atmosphere in their living spaces.

To have Custom made Majlis Rug, in hand-tufted or hand-knotted or other handmade patterns, you may contact us at info@surekasgroup.com or whats ap at +91-9839141651 or visit at http://www.surekasgroup.com

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